General News Blog


Fractured Fragments: Understanding A Cracked tooth

A crack in your tooth can lead to a very painful toothache. There could be several possible reasons for a cracked tooth. The pain differs in severity depending on the extent of the crack. It is important to manage this issue since it can impair your masticatory function and cause distress. 

There are several methods to manage a cracked tooth. Dental specialists strive to provide instant pain relief to ease your discomfort and prevent pulp exposure. 

What is a cracked tooth?

A cracked or fractured tooth, often called a cracked tooth syndrome, usually occurs when there is a visible crack on the tooth surface. This can either involve the enamel, dentin, or the pulp. The cracks appear as lines or crazes that may eventually break or split the tooth. 

These are often considered dental emergencies that require immediate attention. 

What causes a tooth to crack?

The most common causes of tooth fracture are:

  • Age over 50 years increases your susceptibility to tooth cracks
  • Biting hard foods such as nuts or candy
  • Habits such as chewing gum
  • Large dental fillings that weaken the tooth
  • Improper root canal treatment
  • Bruxism ( tooth grinding)
  • Trauma which includes falls, automobile accidents, or sports injuries

What are the symptoms of a cracked tooth?

A cracked tooth may not always cause symptoms. But, if they do, the symptoms would include:

  • Recurrent pain (that which comes and goes)
  • Increased sensitivity to hot and cold
  • Swelling and tenderness around the tooth
  • Toothache when biting or chewing 

How to manage a cracked tooth at home?

It is essential to manage your cracked or broken tooth until you get dental help through the following suggestions:

  • Rinse the broken tooth fragment with warm water
  • Apply gauze or cotton to the affected area if there is bleeding
  • Place a cold, damp towel on the cheek to minimize swelling and pain
  • You can take a painkiller if the pain is severe until you reach your dental clinic

How do dentists treat a cracked tooth?

Treatment for a cracked or broken tooth depends on the part of the tooth affected and the extent of the damage. 

Common treatments include:

  • Dental bonding
  • Root canal therapy 
  • Cosmetic contouring
  • Crowns
  • Extraction
  • Veneers 


A cracked or broken tooth is considered a dental emergency that requires quick treatment since it cannot heal on its own. Only an appropriate treatment can save your tooth. Getting your broken tooth repaired quickly can lessen your risk of more damage and infection.